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Herm & HannaH's Herb Discussion / Sumac Tea Recipes
« Last post by Lady Beetle on September 11, 2014, 07:01:44 AM »
Sumac Berries

Wildcrafted sumac(h) berries (rhus Glabra).  This herb, high in vitamin C, put an end to scurvy on long ocean voyages.  Native Americans used these to flavor food (powdered) and to make “Indian Lemonade” a healthful,l tasty treat in winter as well as summer.  They are also used as an ingredient in our herbal smoke mixtures at www.ManySmokes.com (Clickable Link)

Preparations
Sumac Tea, cold
6 Tablespoons of Sumac Berries
2 Quarts warm water
Sweetener to taste: (suggestions)
For starters  ½ cup white or brown sugar, ½ cup honey, or stevia tincture, powder or crushed leaves.

Put berries in a 2 quart jar with other ingredients and fill the jar with warm water.  Leave on the counter for a few hours shaking the jar 5-10 times before putting in refrigerator.  Do NOT pour boiling water over as it destroys the naturally occurring vitamin C.   Drink hot or cold.  You’ll find this a refreshing and satisfying and healthful beverage.
 
Spiced Sumac Tea
3 TBS Sumac Berries
1 Quart hot water
1 Cinnamon stick
10 – 12 cloves
   Put berries and other ingredients in a sauce pan and steep for 15 – 20 minutes.   Serve any of the above sweeteners on the side and let everyone sweeten to their own taste.  Perfect for festive occasions, and has a wonderful aroma.

Ordering:

You can order berries from www.ETSY/ChenowethCollection
www.ManySmokes.com or www.store.B40GS.com
or by calling 573.858.3244
 

These Berries have been wildcrafted, dried and packaged by Nature’s Pace Sanctuary, an income-sharing Intentional Community located in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri.


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Herm & HannaH's Herb Discussion / Now is the time to Gather Sumac for Tea & Spice Use
« Last post by Lady Beetle on September 11, 2014, 06:47:36 AM »
Now is the Time to Gather Sumac for Tea & Spice Use

By Herman Beck-Chenoweth


Sumac is a common, well-known and easily recognized feature of the rural North American landscape. These small trees with thick twigs and an almost tropical appearance are familiar to most country dwellers. Their shape and large cone-like, dark red berry clusters are distinctive and their bright red autumn foliage is hard to forget. Yet few people know that these little trees have provided a delicious and refreshing summer drink throughout much of the world for thousands of years.


Sumac forms large patches called clones; what looks like many trees or shrubs is actually a single plant, like a patch of rhubarb or asparagus. Large clones are tallest in the center, getting gradually shorter towards the outside, creating the illusion of a gentle hill where there is none. In such a sumac clone the trees often have the habit of bearing leaves only at the canopy, so that when one ventures underneath he is struck with the impression of being under a gentle dome painstakingly coaxed into existence by some master gardener.

All of the true (edible) Sumacs have dark reddish or purple fruit borne in erect, tight clusters. (On some of the western species, the clusters are pretty small and may not be as tight as on the eastern species, but they are still distinctly red.) The surface of the fruit is fuzzy or grainy.

The seed heads are easily harvested by using pruners to nip off the Drupes.  The trees are low growing but you may need a short ladder to reach the best heads.  For the best taste and most vitamin C berries should be harvested as soon as they are TOTALLY dark red.  Rain washes out the flavor so take advantage of a cool and dry day as soon as the heads are ready. If storage space is a problem you can always thresh the seeds off of the seed heads and store in a container.

For cold tea pour one quart of water over 4-5 seed heads (or 5 TBS of berries off the seed heads) and allow to sit at room temperature for a day or so.  Every time you pass by the container invert it.  After 12 - 24 hours put it in the fridge and when cool serve over ice.  It will be very tart and refreshing.  If it is too tart for you sweeten it to taste with stevia, honey, maple syrup or cane sugar.  If using the berries once you can refill your container and make another batch that is nearly as good.

If you are the fussy sort you may want to pour your tea through some cheese cloth.  You can also make a nice hot spicy tea that is perfect for holiday celebrations.  I'll post that recipe later.

If you don't want to or can't harvest your own Sumac my Wildcrafted Sumac berries are available from Herm and Hannah's Herb Department at the Back 40 General Store.  Mediterranean Sumac Seasoning Powder is also available there as well.

Click to Visit the Back 40 General Store Herbs Department:
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Herm & HannaH's Herb Discussion / Organic Catnip now available on Etsy
« Last post by Lady Beetle on September 11, 2014, 06:45:00 AM »


Herm 'n HannaH's organic catnip is raised by 2 folks that have 5 cats currently and have been farming catnip for over 20 years. The potency and euphoric effects have been personally tested and approved by Fluff, Emmie, Molly, Mark and CornChip, our feline quality control team. This is from the 2014 crop and dried in our professional herb dryer to maximize it's potency. Ships in a 2.0 oz. resealable plastic pouch.

Click here to visit the Chenoweth Collection Page:  https://www.etsy.com/listing/176362307/organic-dried-catnip?ref=shop_home_active_10
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Open Faculty Position at University of Vermont Extension
Extension Assistant Professor: Community Food Systems and Nutrition
Specialist

University of Vermont (UVM) Extension seeks an Assistant Professor who
will develop and deliver programs to 1) increase access to healthy and
affordable food and 2) improve the dietary behavior and health outcomes
of Vermonters. A Ph.D. in nutrition, food sciences, public health or a
closely aligned area of science is required. Experience in applied
research and outreach program development, and the ability to work
collaboratively and communicate effectively to a wide range of audiences
are also required.

UVM is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity employer and welcomes
applications from all ethnic, racial and cultural groups and from people
with disabilities. The University is especially interested in candidates
who can contribute to the diversity and excellence of the academic
community through research, teaching, and service.

This is a 12 month, 80%, non tenure-track position with the expectation
to increase to 100% through grants; it is housed in the Middlebury
Extension office. Salary is commensurate with qualifications and experience.
View the full position description at: www.uvm.edu/extension
<http://www.uvm.edu/extension/about/?Page=employment.html>. Review of
applications begins October 15, 2014 and continues until the position is
filled. The following items are required to apply, curriculum vitae,
cover letter, statement on diversity and program excellence, and three
letters of reference through the web site www.uvmjobs.com
https://www.uvmjobs.com/>, refer to posting #F013PO

Dr. Yolanda Chen

Assistant Professor

University of Vermont

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences

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Homesteader's Discussion / A Farewell To Backyard Chickens and Beekeepers
« Last post by Little Feather on August 25, 2014, 03:26:07 AM »

Michigan Loses ‘Right To Farm’ This Week: A Farewell To Backyard Chickens and Beekeepers


Michigan Loses right to farm
 

Michigan residents lost their “right to farm” this week. This is a new ruling by the Michigan Commission of Agriculture and Rural Development. Gail Philburn of the Michigan Sierra Club told Michigan Live, the new changes “effectively remove Right to Farm Act protection for many urban and suburban backyard farmers raising small numbers of animals.”  Previously backyard and urban farming were protected by Michigan’s Right to Farm Act but The Commission has ruled that the Right to Farm Act protections no longer apply to many homeowners who keep small amount of livestock. Kim White, who keeps chickens and rabbits, said, “They don’t want us little guys feeding ourselves. They want us to go all to the big farms. They want to do away with small farms and I believe that is what’s motivating it.” The ruling will allow local governments to ban goats, chickens and beehives on any property where there are 13 homes within one eighth mile or a residence within 250 feet of the property.

 

 
The Right to Farm Act was created in 1981 to protect farmers from the complaints of people from the city who moved to the country and then attempted to make it more urban with anti-farming ordinances. These new changes will affect residents of rural Michigan too. Shady Grove Farm in Gwinn, Michigan is on six and a half acres and homes 150 egg-laying hens that provide eggs to a local co-op and a local restaurant. This small Michigan farm also homes sheep for wool and a few turkeys and meat chickens to provide fresh healthy, local poultry. “We produce food with integrity,”  says Randy Buchler of Shady Grove Farm. “Everything we do here is 100 percent natural — we like to say it’s beyond organic. We take a lot of pride and care in what we’re doing here.” Shady Grove Farm was doing its part to educate and provide healthy, local, organic food to the people of Gwinn. It reflects the attitudes of hundreds of other small farms in Michigan and thousands of others popping up around the nation. This loss of right to farm comes within days of a report by The World Health Organization that stated the world is currently in severe danger of entering a post-antibiotic era. The WHO’s director-general Dr. Margaret Chan argued that the antibiotic use in our industrialized food supply is the worst offender adding to the global crisis. “The Michigan Agriculture Commission passed up an opportunity to support one of the hottest trends in food in Michigan – public demand for access to more local, healthy, sustainable food,” Gail Philbin told MLive.

“There’s a lot of unnecessary legal action being taken against small farms who are doing good things in their communities,” said Randy Buchler, who is also on the board of directors for the Michigan Small Farm Council. The Michigan Small Farm Council actively fought to support Michigan farming freedom, but ultimately the Commission voted to approve the new restrictions.

How is this happening in this day and age!! How can we teach our children to grow organic food and have the chance to cleanse there bodies (and ours) of the pesticides and toxins that are used on the large farms and to rid us of the processed foods when “they” take away our very right to feed ourselves!

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Herm & HannaH's Herb Discussion / What's in A Cigarette ?
« Last post by Little Feather on August 24, 2014, 06:37:14 AM »
What's in a Cigarette?

There are approximately 600 ingredients in cigarettes. When burned, they create more than 7,000 chemicals. At least 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer, and many are poisonous.

Many of these chemicals are also found in consumer products, but these products have warning labels. While the public is warned about the danger of the poisons in these products, there is no such warning for the toxins in tobacco smoke.  So, how about giving up on tobacco?  Try our flavorful, safe ALL-HERBAL Organic smoking blends with NO additives.  We even have a Nixing Nicotine blend to help you quit smoking commercial tobacco products.  Visit: http://www.manysmokes.com/ and see all the great smoke mixes available !

Here are a few of the chemicals in tobacco smoke, and other places they are found:

Acetone – found in nail polish remover
Acetic Acid –  an ingredient in hair dye
Ammonia – a common household cleaner
Arsenic – used in rat poison
Benzene – found in rubber cement
Butane – used in lighter fluid
Cadmium – active component in battery acid
Carbon Monoxide – released in car exhaust fumes
Formaldehyde – embalming fluid
Hexamine – found in barbecue lighter fluid
Lead – used in batteries
Naphthalene – an ingredient in moth balls
Methanol – a main component in rocket fuel
Nicotine – used as insecticide
Tar – material for paving roads
Toluene - used to manufacture paint
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People have dried and smoked plants throughout history for a wide variety of reasons. Social bonding, recreation, medicine, and spiritual ceremonies have all shaped the history and ritual of smoking herbs. Mixtures can offer a variety of effects from calming the body and mind, to encouraging dreams, to helping transition out of a tobacco habit, treating asthma, increasing sexual powers, focusing your attention.
 
Browse through the wide selection of blends and pipes at our new Many Smokes web store: http://www.manysmokes.com/apps/webstore/

We offer prompt shipment and reasonable shipping rates.  Feel free to e-mail me with any questions you may have:  Herm.NaturesPace@Earthlink.net

Our flavorful organic and wild-crafted smoke mixes are blended with care in small batches and contain no synthetic ingredients or tobacco. We’ve chosen organically grown herbs that are gentle, tasty, smooth, and inspire tranquility. Ideal for rolling your own herbal cigarettes or enjoying out of a pipe, our all natural loose-leaf blends are a great legal choice, and an ideal alternative to tobacco cigarettes.Many Smokes are produced by Nature's Pace Sanctuary, an income-sharing Spiritual Community in the Missouri Ozark Mountains.

Herm & HannaH

Herbal Smoke Blends, herbal smoke mixes, herbal smoking blends, Many Smokes.com, Tobacco-free smoking mixes, Nixing nicotine smoke mixes, corn cob pipes, Missouri Meerschaum pipes, pipes for sale, herbal smoking blends for sale, Herm and HannaH,
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In the News / Farming is Hip in New England
« Last post by Little Feather on August 22, 2014, 06:15:55 AM »
CRANSTON, R.I. (AP) -- Farming is hip in New England.

Across the region, young people are choosing crops over cubicles, new farms are popping up and the local food movement is spreading.

Farmers and industry experts agree New England is bucking a trend toward larger, but fewer, farms because many of its residents want to buy their food locally and its entrepreneurs want to produce it. The region's small size makes it easy for farmers and consumers to connect at farm markets and stands.

Many of these new farmers are young people increasingly interested in the origins of their food and farming, who are eager to take over for the nation's aging farmers.

"The more I scratched the surface on what was going on with the food system, the more I felt a compulsion to act," said 32-year-old Bill Braun, who runs the Ivory Silo farm in Massachusetts. He is not using his graduate degree in philosophy because, he said, he felt an urgent need to grow his own food and reconnect with nature.

He was among a group of farmers and future farmers, mostly in their 20s and 30s, who recently talked about seed collecting as they meandered through rows of vegetables at Scratch Farm's "Young Farmer Night" in Cranston.

There is something empowering, Braun said, about making a statement by farming a small plot of land. He worries about the environmental impacts and other problems stemming from industrial agriculture.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's recent census found 95,000 fewer farms nationally in 2012 than in 2007. But New England saw a 5 percent increase to nearly 35,000 farms, many less than 50 acres.

The number of beginning farmers also climbed in New England. The small but densely populated region is the "perfect place" for farmers to respond to the growing interest in local foods, said Ginger Harris, a USDA statistician.

Squash, eggplant and other vegetables are popular; fruits often cannot be harvested the first few seasons, and the upfront costs for livestock can be high. And many farmers avoid synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.

Scratch Farm, which is chemical-free, has eggplants selling for about $3 per pound, higher than the local Whole Foods Market at $1.99 per pound and the supermarket at $1.49 per pound this week.

Despite what can be higher prices, Jesse Rye, of Farm Fresh Rhode Island, said the idea of supporting local food resonates with New Englanders. Farm Fresh is a nonprofit that helps local food producers bring their goods to market through farmers markets and other programs.

"We already know a great deal about farmers simply through our proximity," Rye said. "These are our neighbors."

Each week, John and Lauren Galoski drive about 40 minutes from their home in Warwick to Wright's Dairy Farm in North Smithfield to buy milk. They said they like supporting local businesses and feel the milk is healthier for their young son. The farm does not treat cows with synthetic hormones to increase milk production and has been recognized within the industry for producing high-quality milk.

At the century-old dairy farm, customers lately ask more questions about the milk and the cows. Teenagers want to work there. Fourth-generation farmer Ellen Puccetti said that when she was young, she was teased for living on a farm.

"It's very, very exciting after all this time to see that kind of movement, to see that kind of excitement, especially from young people," she said.

David Lizotte, 22, took a job there as a farm hand over a year ago to get experience for the Peace Corps. Lizotte said he still may join but loves how challenging and fun his work is.

The National Young Farmers Coalition wants to ensure farming's revival is not fleeting. The New York-based coalition is lobbying for policy changes to help beginning farmers get capital and find affordable land.

With a farm population ready to retire, executive director Lindsey Shute said, it's critical that farms transition to a new generation.

States in the Northeast saw a 43 percent increase on average in the number of undergraduate students studying agriculture from 2004 to 2012. The only region that topped it was the West. Connecticut had the largest percentage increase nationwide- nearly 200 percent, to more than 2,100 students.

Cameron Faustman, an associate dean at the University of Connecticut's agriculture college, said students see job opportunities. Less than 2 percent of the students come from working farms.

At the Young Farmer Night, Emily Cotter, 22, an agriculture student and farm hand in Rhode Island, said she, like many of her peers, has found farming to be an intellectual, physically demanding, fulfilling job.

"I think it's cool, too," she said. "But that's because I'm a farmer."
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FOR SALE:  1920's era potato planter in working condition.  Is functional and rusty but still works perfectly.  Will plant 200 foot row of potatoes in 5 - 10 minutes.  Horse drawn or tractor use. Kid's love to work it.   $450.00 FIRM.  NOT A LAWN ORNAMENT; PERFECT FOR MARKET GARDENER OR SMALL SCALE TRUCK FARMER.
SOLD!

                  1920's era potato harvester in working condition. Is functional and rusty but still works perfectly.  Will plant 200 foot row of potatoes in 5 - 10 minutes.  Horse drawn or tractor use. Kid's love to work it.   $450.00 FIRM.  NOT A LAWN ORNAMENT; PERFECT FOR MARKET GARDENER OR SMALL SCALE TRUCK FARMER.
SOLD!
Buy 'em both for $800.00.   New equipment like this sells for over $5,000.00


                  Also, Massey Ferguson 7' sickle bar mower.  Fully overhauled less than 100 hours ago.  One of the finest, heavy-duty mowers ever built, perfect for unlevel ground as it has a flexible heavy-duty belt drive.  3 point hitch or could be horse drawn with a power forecart. $1200.00 FIRM

CALL 573.858.3244 FOR MORE INFORMATION.  If you receive my answering machine leave a message and I will return your call quickly!
 
horse drawn potato harvester for sale, horse drawn potato planter for sale, Massy Ferguson sickle bar mower for sale, MF-41 mower, MF-41 Mower for sale, Missouri sickle bar mowers for sale, back 40 forums.com
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MARKET FARMING & GARDENING / Keeping Cabbage Loopers out of Your Garden
« Last post by Little Feather on August 01, 2014, 07:04:27 AM »
The brassica family—kale, collards, broccoli, cabbage and mustard, to name a few—can be a fun group of crops to grow, but we're definitely not the only ones who love them. From harlequin bugs that devour young plants to one of the many small worms that eat new growth, brassicas have no shortage of fans. One of the more destructive brassica pests is the cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni), and with some ingenuity, you can keep them out of the garden without having to resort to BtK or other insecticides.

Like the imported cabbageworm, the cabbage looper is small and green. The larvae of the nocturnal brown moth, it gets its name from the way it moves, arching its back like an inchworm, creating a loop of sorts, and pulling itself forward.

Although green like the cabbageworm, the looper is slightly larger—about 1½ to 2 inches long—with white stripes down its back. Moving relatively quickly, the looper feeds on the underside of brassica leaves, taking large bites as it goes. These holes are the first sign that cabbage loopers are in your garden, and soon, your cole crops can quickly turn to skeletonized plants.

Take preventative action against cabbage loopers to save your plants and yourself a lot of trouble.

1. Row Cover
 Because the cabbage looper is a moth larva, preventing that moth from ever laying eggs on your brassicas is the best way to avoid cabbage loopers. Floating row cover, which can be purchased from most organic growing-supply stores, keeps the these moths and others from laying eggs on young plants. After transplanting any brassicas, place the floating row cover gently over the plants and weigh it down, either by burying the edge in soil or laying rocks along the sides. It can be annoying to have to remove the row cover to cultivate and weed, but a lot less annoying than losing plants to hungry worms.
•Advantage: keeps the moths from laying eggs on your brassicas

•Disadvantage: removing and replacing row cover after every cultivation

 2. Companion Plants
 Even if cabbage loopers aren’t a problem for you, pollen- and nectar-producing plants will enhance your garden health and aesthetics. Dill, parsley, yarrow, catnip and other flowering herbs do a great job of attracting pollinators and tiny predators, such as parasitic wasps, that lay their eggs on garden pests like cabbage loopers and hornworms. The wasp larvae hatch out of what looks like tiny white spikes on the worms and feed on the pest, thus destroying it. Other predators that feed on looper eggs and young larvae will also flock to the nectar and pollen plants. Set aside some ground or a few small pots specifically for this purpose. Plant a lot of these attractant plants, and sow them in succession so they’re always flowering when you need protection.
•Advantage: attracts parasitic wasps and other pest predators

•Disadvantage: takes up garden space

3. Manual Worm Removal
 Although it can be tedious, removing worms by hand is an underrated remedy to a cabbage-looper problem. If you cull cabbage loopers a couple times a week, you can eliminate them without much difficulty or loss.

Start in the early spring by scraping any eggs you see off the bottom of young plants. If dealing with mature larvae, simply pick the worms by hand from the underside of leaves and deposit into soapy water. The looper, as well as the imported cabbageworm, often seeks refuge in the stalks of broccoli, so look for them there. If you see a looper with several white spikes, do not kill it. Those are the eggs of the parasitic wasp and you want them to hatch out.
•Advantage: effective way to remove and remedy cabbage loopers

•Disadvantage: tedious and time-consuming

4. Worm-Resistant Plants
 We all have our favorite cabbage, broccoli and kale67 varieties, but if cabbage loopers tend to be a problem in your small garden, consider experimenting with seeds bred to be more resistant to the pest. Consult your seed catalogs for next year's options.
•Advantage: no extra work for you

•Disadvantage: might not be the variety you like to eat or that grows well in your climate

5. Garden Clean-Up
 Once the cabbage looper has survived for a few weeks, it pupates. You can find the cocoons underneath brassica leaves, where the looper moths for the following year will emerge. Till in or bury all brassica leaves before the next spring.

•Advantage: minimizes future cabbage-looper populations

•Disadvantage: time-sensitive chore

 

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About the Author: Jesse Frost is a Kentucky farmer, blogger and author. He and his wife run a small, off-the-grid farm in southern Kentucky called Rough Draft Farmstead, where they raise vegetables and livestock naturally
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