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Author Topic: Sewage sludge Risks understated by EPA  (Read 700 times)

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Offline Little Feather

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Sewage sludge Risks understated by EPA
« Reply #1 on: June 11, 2014, 08:38:02 AM »
The following article is an excerpt from Chapter 4 (Sludge Magic) of his
new book:

    "Science for Sale: How the US Government Uses Powerful Corporations
    and Leading Universities to Support Government Policies, Silence Top
    Scientists, Jeopardize Our Health, and Protect Corporate Profits".


I should mention that have lived over half my life outside the USA and
am aware that the phenomena referred to has become worse.  Labeling the
nation a "Plutocracy" may seem far fetched but appears to be
(lamentably) accurate.

The fitness of Sewage Sludge as a fertilizer is not the fundamental
issue and the lack of Sustainability inherent to "Conventional" Farming
Systems is not simply a mistake or an accident but the result of the
same phenomena.

The proper role of government and the manipulation of public policy for
private gain by corporate interests is the reason why farming systems
are what they are today.  These issues are real.

Wikipedia's coverage of Sewage Sludge is consistent with the claims made
by Dr. Lewis, although "The neutrality of this article is disputed" (by
whom)?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewage_sludge

For example:

    Environmental justice

    Chosen sludge land application sites tend to be locations where
    poverty is high and economic prosperity and opportunity is low.
    Sludge tends to be land applied where minorities live. This is the
    definition of environmental racism.  In the United States, the
    Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is charged with investigating
    allegations of environmental racism, or, violations of civil
    liberties, under Title 6 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The caveat
    is that the complaint must be logged to the EPA within 180 days of a
    suspected incident of racism.

    Pollutant

    The term "pollutant" is defined as part of the EPA 503 rule. The
    components of sludge have pollutant limits defined by the EPA. "A
    Pollutant is an organic substance, an inorganic substance, a
    combination of organic and inorganic substances, or a pathogenic
    organism that, after discharge and upon exposure, ingestion,
    inhalation, or assimilation into an organism either directly from
    the environment or indirectly by ingestion through the food chain,
    could, on the basis of information available to the Administrator of
    EPA, cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, cancer, genetic
    mutations, physiological malfunctions (including malfunction in
    reproduction), or physical deformations in either organisms or
    offspring of the organisms." The maximum component pollutant limits
    by the US EPA are:

    Pollutant    Ceiling concentration (milligrams per kilogram)
    Cadmium    85
    Copper    4300
    Lead    840
    Mercury    57
    Molybdenum    75
    Nickel    420
    Selenium    100
    Zinc    7500

    There are thousands other components of sludge that remain
    untested/undetected disposed of from modern society that also end up
    in sludge (pharmaceuticals, nano particles, etc.) which has been
    proven to be hazardous to both human and ecological health.

    Dangers

    In 2011, the EPA commissioned a study at the United States National
    Research Council (NRC) to determine the health risks of sludge.[18]
    In this document the NRC pointed out that many of the dangers of
    sludge are simply unknown and unassessed. Additionally "Regulations
    that limit contact with biosolids do not prevent environmental
    processes in the conceptual model such as aerosolization or erosion
    and the death or multiplication of pathogens."

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